Olympic Trivia on Mix FM. Brought to you by British Council
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO - Friday 27.07
Trinidad & Tobago first competed at the 1948 Games held in London. The Trinidad & Tobago Olympic Committee sent nine athletes and officials to represent the nation in three disciplines: athletics (the country’s strongest sport), cycling and weightlifting.
Education UK.Aiming high!
London 2012. The day has come!
CANADA - Thursday 26.07
Canada was awarded the 1976 Summer Games in Montreal and the 1988 Winter Games in Calgary. Since the start of the modern Games, the country has participated in every Olympics except two: the first Games in 1896 and the 1980 Moscow Games. Athletics, canoeing and swimming are Canada’s top sports.
PAKISTAN - Wednesday 25.07
Pakistan first participated in the Winter Olympic Games in 2010. Held in Vancouver, Mohammad Abbas became Pakistan’s first athlete to qualify in the alpine skiing (giant slalom) category. Pakistani athletes have won a total of ten medals throughout OIympic history, eight in men’s hockey.
BANGLADESH - Tuesday 24.07
Bangladesh made its first appearance at the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Games. No Bangladeshi athlete has ever qualified for the Olympics. The country has been able to send athletes through the wild-card process. At the 2008 Beijing Olympics, athletes competed in swimming, running and shooting.
INDIA Monday 23.07
India: India first participated in the 1900 Paris Olympic Games, with a lone athlete, Norman Pritchard, winning two medals in athletics. Indian athletes have won a total of 20 medals, mostly in hockey. Between 1928 and 1980, the men’s hockey team won eleven medals in twelve Olympiads, including eight golds.
TRIATHLON Sunday 22.07
TRIATHLON - Saturday 21.07
An Olympic triathlon is a race with three separate parts. First, contestants do a 1.5km swim, then a 40km cycle ride and finally a 10km run.
Contestants do not have any breaks during the race. They must get ready for the next part of the race quickly. These changes are still part of the overall race. Contestants try to keep their transition time as low as possible. Contestants wear an electronic chip around their ankle to measure the time each stage takes.
DIVING Friday Friday 20.07
Diving is one of four aquatic sports on the Olympic programme, and was first included in the programme in 1904. It developed in the 18th century in Sweden and Germany, with gymnasts practising routines by jumping into water. It requires great acrobatic skills and coordination.
GYMNASTICS - Thursday 19.07
Some of the most famous gymnasts are women. The first women’s event started in 1928. Nadia Comaneci and Nellie Kim were only 14 years old when they got perfect ten scores at the 1976 Games. Nowadays gymnasts have to be 16 to compete at the Olympics.
There are three different events in the Olympics gymnastics programme: artistic, rhythmic and trampoline. Rhythmic is a women-only event.
Cypriot athlete Chrystalleni Trikomiti will compete in the Rhythmic event on 9-10-11/8.
GYMNASTICS Wednesday 18.07
• The ancient Greeks believed that the mind and body could only be in tune if a person did both intellectual and physical exercise. Plato, Aristotle and Homer all encouraged gymnastic exercise. The origin of the word ‘gymnastics’ comes from the Greek word ‘naked’ and early gymnasts used to perform without any clothes on.
• Gymnastics as we know it developed in Germany and Czechoslovakia at the start of the 19th century. The German Friedrich Ludwig Jahn is known as the father of gymnastics and he invented some of the apparatus still used today. (apparatus = equipment used in gymnastics like parallel bars, the vault, the rings, the balance beam, the pommel horse etc). Ludwig Jan did not have the chance to compete at the Olympic games as he died 50 years before the modern Olympics began.
Jamaica Tuesday 17.07
Jamaica first participated in the 1948 Games in London and has sent athletes to compete in every Summer Games since. Jamaican athletes have won a total of 53 medals, with all but two won in athletics – the majority of these were in the individual and relay sprint events.
CYCLING Monday 16.07
Marios Athanasiadis will compete in the mountain bike race on 12/8
MALAYSIA Sunday 15.07
Malaysia: The nation competed as Malaya in the 1956 and 1960 Games. After gaining independence in 1963, it competed under the name Malaysia for the first time at the 1964 Tokyo Summer Olympics. All for of Malaysia’s medals (two silver and two gold) have come in badminton, one of the country’s most popular sports.
CYCLING Saturday 14.07
There are four cycling sports on the Olympic programme: track, road, mountain bike and BMX.
Track cycling is held in an indoor stadium called a velodrome. There are five Olympic track cycling events for men and women: team pursuit, team sprint, individual sprint, keirin and omnium. In team pursuit two teams of four riders each start on opposite sides of the track and try to catch one another or finish in the fastest time. In sprints, riders race against each other over three laps of the track. In keirin riders compete in a sprint after riding behind a motorcycle to get them going faster. Omnium is like cycling’s version of the decathlon – except there are six events instead of ten: individual pursuit, flying lap, points race, elimination race, scratch race and the time trial.
HONG KONG Friday 13.07
Hong Kong: Although now part of the People’s Republic of China, Hong Kong competes separately at the Olympics through its own choice. Hong Kong’s only gold medal winner to date is windsurfer Lee Lai Shan, who was crowned Olympic Champion at the 1996 Games in Atlanta.
SWIMMING Thursday 12.07
Anna Stylianou will compete in 200m and 400m free style – 29/7 (400m), 30-31/7 (200m)
Bahtiarof Alexander will compete in 100m butterfly – 2-3/8
SWIMMING Wednesday 11.07
The Olympic pool is 50m long and 21m wide. Floating lines, called lane lines, divide the pool into eight lanes. Each swimmer must stay in his lane.
The different ways of swimming are called ‘strokes’. There are four strokes that swimmers can use: crawl or freestyle, breaststroke, butterfly and backstroke.
Races can be:
- Individual but using the same stroke e.g. 50m freestyle or 200m breast stroke.
- Relay which means a race between teams of swimmers. Each swimmer swims one leg (length of the pool) of the event.
- Medley which means swimmers or relay teams swims a combination of backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly and freestyle.
In most races swimmers begin by diving into the water from starting blocks. In the backstroke swimmers begin the race in the water.
TENNIS Tuesday 10.07
Games similar to tennis have been played since the 11th century. Modern tennis was first developed in 19th century in England. It was on the Olympic programme at the 1896 games in Athens, but after that was not included between 1928 and 1988. At London 2012 there will be five events: men’s and women’s singles and doubles, as well as mixed doubles.
FOOTBALL Monday 09.07
Since 1992 male footballers have to be less than 23 years old to be eligible to play, though they can have three older players in each team. There are no age restrictions for female players.
In Beijing 2008 Messi and Ronaldinho both played.
Football is the only sport where events will take place outside England. Games will be played in Glasgow and Cardiff, as well as Manchester, Newcastle, Coventry and of course London.
Football has been on the Olympic programme since 1900 and women’s football since 1996. In comparison, the first World Cup only took place in 1930.
Surprisingly, Italy and Germany won gold medals one time each but Brazil has never won!!! Hungary, the former Yugoslavia and the former Soviet Union have each won five medals in the men’s competition and the USA women’s team has won three golds.
SINGAPORE Saturday 07.07
Singapore has participated in the Games since 1948, when it was established as a separate British Crown Colony. The country has won two Olympic medals to date, the first one at the 1960 Rome Summer Games, the second more recently at the 2008 Beijing Games (silver, table tennis).
MARATHON Thursday 05.07
In 1900 American Fred Zorz used a car for part of the race, ran for the last part and crossed the winning line first. The organisers found out and made another American, Thomas Hicks, the winner.
The best Olympic marathon ever…. was Emil Zatopek from Czechoslovakia. In 1952 he won the 10,000m gold in a new Olympic record time, then won the 5,000m in another Olympic record time. Then he ran his first ever marathon…and won than too, in a new Olympic record time!!!!
MARATHON Wednesday 04.07
BASKETBALL Tuesday 03.07
The game was invented in 1891 by a Canadian who was living in the U.S. (does that make it a Canadian or American invention?). But that was not the first time anybody played a basketball sort of sport because a similar game was played for thousands of years in North and Central America. Many Mayan pyramids have courts for it!
It is called basketball because at the time it was invented people were using peach basket but it was difficult to get the ball back so they changed into nets. Up to the 1950’s the ball was brown not orange! It became an Olympic sport at the 1936 Olympics. Women’s basketball came later, in 1976. An Olympic basketball game has four ten-minute quarters.
The tallest professional player in the world is 2.36cm tall and the shortest is 1.70cm. But both are successful, so if you love basketball, go for it!
ATHLETICS (TRACK) Monday 02.07
Some of the Rules:
An athlete finishes the race when any part of his torso (chest or stomach but not head, neck, arms, legs, hands or feet) reaches the finish line.
In the longer races (1,500 to 10,000 metres) the athletes do not begin running in lanes and start line is curved. This means that all athletes begin the same distance from the finish.
The Cypriot athlete taking part in London 2012 Olympics is Eleni Artimata in the 100m & 200m races. Dates: 06/08/2012 Quarter Finals, 07/08/2012 Semi-finals , 08/08/2012 Final
ATHLETICS (TRACK) Sunday 01.07
Modern Olympic races consist of twelve races for both men and women from 100 metres to 10,000 metres. These are the sprints, middle and long-distance races, hurdles and steeplechase and relays.
Springs are the short races. Middle-distance is the 800 and 1,500 metres ones and long-distance is the 5,000 and 10,000 metre races. In the hurdles and steeplechase races athletes jump over obstacles. The relays are team events where athletes have to pass a stick or baton from one person to the next.
Famous runners of the Olympics: